Dengue cases continue rising in flood-ravaged Peru

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, UN Country Team in Peru
Country: Peru
In eight of the 11 regions declared in emergency, 19,318 cases of dengue have been reported. Piura and Ica are the regions that report the highest number of cases.

This report was prepared by the OCHA team in collaboration with the partners of the National Humanitarian Network (RHN). It covers the period from 28 April to 10 May 2017. The next report will be published around 24 May.

Highlights

  • Nearly 1.3 million people remain severely affected or affected in the country as a result of the rains and flooding. The total has slightly increased when compared with the previous data. Of these, more than 400,000 are children and adolescents.

  • Total dengue cases continue growing and have overpassed 19,300 cases

  • More than 31,000 people at national level continue living in temporary shelters

  • Some 47,000 houses at national level have been destroyed, including collapsed and uninhabitable

  • UN agencies presented the projects approved by the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) to the National Humanitarian Network in Lima and to the Regional Government in Piura. Agencies have begun implementing these projects which have to be completed in the next six months.

  • The Government designated the Executive Director of the Authority for the Reconstruction with Changes (RCC)

1,292,824
Affected people (1,096,684) and Severely affected people (196,140) at national level

383,076
Severely affected and affected people in Piura

31,288
People in 205 temporary shelters

406,452
Severely affected and affected Children and adolescents

46,698
Destroyed Houses including 24,623 collapsed and 22,375 uninhabitable

435,000
Food insecure People in the departments of Piura, Lambayeque, La Libertad, Ancash and Tumbes

Source: INDECI, cut-off date 9 May. Sectorial working groups for WASH, Food Security and Nutrition, Health, Protection and Education in emergencies.

Situation Overview

As of 9 May, 109 provinces and 879 districts in 14 departments other than the Constitutional Province of Callao continued in state of emergency. According to official figures provided by INDECI (Instituto Nacional de Defensa Civil – INDECI), at least 1’096,684 people are reported as affected and 196,140 as severely affected at national level. To date, INDECI reports the following level of affectation in the most affected departments of the north:

The Piura region has registered the largest number of affected housing following the natural disaster caused by the presence of the Niño Costero, as per the latest INDECI report at the national level. In total, that region presents 74,348 affected houses. Other departments showing large number of affected housing include Lambayeque (31,446), Áncash (25,097), La Libertad (24,664), Ica (21,628), Loreto (17,252), Lima (12,782), Arequipa (11,687) and Tumbes (11,395).

In the Lambayeque region, the district of Mórrope has the largest quantity of severely affected with 7,376, followed by the district of Chiclayo with 6,250 severely affected, Jayanca with 5,950, José L. Ortíz with 5,626, and Túcume with 3,638. Meanwhile, the distrito of Oyotún in the province of Chiclayo concentrates the largest quantity of affected people, according to INDECI. As of 3 May, this locality has 13,519 affected people, followed by the district of Jayanca with 13,231, Chongoyape with 10,981; Mórrope with 8,514; Nueva Arica with 6,450; Íllimo with 5,651 and Túcume with 5,509.

In the Tumbes region, the largest quantity of severely affected people by the rains is found in the district of Tumbes with 664, followed by La Cruz with 147, and Zarumilla with 85. In terms of affected people, the district of Pampas del Hospital reported 7,548 affected people, followed by the districts of Tumbes with 6,636; Matapalo with 5,400; La Cruz with 4,707 and Papayal with 3,086. Moreover, 42 houses collapsed by the rains, while most of the affected houses and educational institutions of the region are in the Pampas del Hospital district with 3,303 and 36, respectively.

Other than the north, Ica has been another region heavily affected by this emergency. The largest quantity of severely affected are in the districts San José de Los Molinos (1,695), La Tinguiña (636) and Alto Larán (338). Moreover, out of the 21,413 houses which were affected in this region, 3,540 belong to the district of Ica; 2,500 to the district of Santiago, and 2,110 to Palpa. The Ica district has 17,700 out of the 96,796 affected by the rains, followed by the districts of San José de Los Molinos with 10,150; Santiago with 9,750; Palpa with 8,428; Pueblo Nuevo with 4,500; Río Grande with 4,069; and Vista Alegre with 4,000, as per INDECI’s report of 3 May.

In the Amazon, in relation to the recent increased flow in some of the main rivers, the National Emergency Operations Center (COEN) has alerted that SENAMHI has noted that the rivers Napo (Cuenca Napo), Amazonas (Cuenca Amazonas), and Marañón (Cuenca Bajo Marañón) remain in red alert despite having lowered their flows. Meanwhile, the Ucayali river alert (Bajo Ucayali), has been reduced to orange due to the reduction in its flow. In this regard, Loreto also includes a large number of people affected by the rivers overflowing, which to date run over 80,000 people.

The Government appointed on 5 May the Executive Director of the Authority for the Reconstruction with Changes (Autoridad para la Reconstrucción con Cambios – RCC), through the bill RS 055-2017-PCM. Through this bill this entity begins its work, which will be in charge of the recovery and rehabilitation of the areas affected by the rains and flash floods. The objective of the RCC is to lead and implement the overall plan for the rehabilitation, reconstruction and construction of the quality infrastructure of public use, including health, education, housing programs and economic reactivation, with an emphasis in disaster risk management. It will prioritize bringing back wellness to the most affected people, as well as prevent and mitigate impacts of future natural disasters. In terms of infrastructure, it will prioritize initially the reconstruction of 1,100 schools, 900 health centers, and 65 bridges. The RCC Director estimates that the reconstruction plan will be ready in three months, and will be prepared based on information gathered by municipalities and regional governments. Initial meetings took place on 11 May with the authorities from Piura, and will then continue in Chiclayo, Trujillo, Lima Provinces, Tumbes, and Chimbote.

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